New guideline for heat preserved foods in progress
19 April 2021 |
Gary Tucker, Fellow
Despite all the innovative, alternative technologies that enter the food industry each year, heat appears to triumph
over all as it remains the main process used to preserve foods.
Whether it’s through thermal processing of a filled pack or via continuous processing, the heat preserved foods
sector is becoming one of the largest and commercially important. You can begin to see why when you consider the sheer breadth of foods
included within it. Put simply, it includes all packaged and ambient stable foods that are given a thermal process to extend their
It’s vital then that the right guidance for this sector is available and current to provide food business operators
the best practices to manage risk. Among the many guidelines produced over the years, one of the most popular was first printed over 25 years
ago (pre-dating the widespread use of the internet!) which highlights the need to create an updated version.
That time is now.
Here I’ll discuss the legacy of one of the most popular guidelines, the approaches we’re taking to update it and how
you can get involved.
The background: Guidelines gone by
As such a large sector, it’s just as well that heat preserved foods have a very impressive recent food safety record.
There are very few incidents where ambient food packs have failed through one of the recognised mechanisms in which microorganisms can gain
entry to the food. Part of the reason for this is down to the informative standards which have helped manufacturers manage risk correctly.
It helps to have access to recognised industry standards when setting up manufacturing processes. Campden BRI has
written many such standards that cover different aspects of the manufacture of heat preserved foods. The following table highlights relevant
|The shelf stable packaging of thermally processed foods in semi-rigid plastic barrier containers. A guideline to GMP
|Guidelines for batch retort systems - full water immersion - raining/spray water - steam/air
|Guidelines for establishing heat distribution in batch overpressure retort systems
|Guidelines on the incubation testing of ambient shelf stable heat preserved foods
|Guidelines on good manufacturing practice for heat processed flexible packaging 2006
|Pasteurisation - a food industry practical guide 2nd Ed
|Guidelines on the safe production of aseptically processed and packaged foods
|Heat processing of packaged foods - guidelines for establishing the thermal process
|Guidelines for operation of continuous cookers for in-pack heat processing of foods
|HACCP: A practical guide 5th Edition
|Validation and optimisation of thermal processing systems: cookers, pasteurisers and sous vide systems
However, there is one guideline that is considered essential to follow for the UK industry. This is the 1994
Department of Health (DoH) ‘Guidelines for the Safe Production of Heat Preserved Foods’. It is known in the industry as the little red or
orange booklet (depending on how much the cover has faded over time). It is widely used by UK companies involved with all aspects of heat
preserved foods such as their production, import, distribution and retail, education of the workforce and enforcement of the laws. Since its
publication, the standard has also become a staple reference for many businesses across the globe due to its handy, informative nature.
The little red or orange book: a staple reference for any business involved with heat preserved foods. Our team at Campden
BRI managed production of the Department of Health's world-renowned guideline.
The guidelines cover four main areas of critical importance to food safety:
- Management of pre-processing stages to avoid spoilage before the thermal process is applied
- Correct application of the thermal processing step
- Ensuring the packages are hermetically sealed, and
- Avoiding post-process contamination from all points after the thermal process is applied.
Preparation of the DoH guideline was managed by our team at Campden BRI (then known as the Campden Food and Drink
Research Association). A working party of expert individuals from companies involved with heat preserved foods was put together to provide
technical input to the guidelines. This involved 31 individuals with a combined industry experience of over 600 years! It was a diverse group
that made up this working party, comprising 14 processing companies, four retailers and five other companies representing packaging,
equipment, and Government representation. Publication and distribution of the guideline was the responsibility of the Department of Health
through Her Majesty’s Stationery Office (HMSO).
Over the years, print quantities running into their thousands firmly established this guideline as a highly informative
and trusted resource for many food businesses throughout the world. Unfortunately, the booklet has been out of print for many years. Used
copies can, on occasion, be found from online retailers but at very high prices.
New project to update the heat preserved food guideline
It comes as no surprise that the time has come to update the guideline. Mostly, this is to reflect changes in computing
technology that have enabled companies to operate more efficiently in all aspects from ingredient control through to electronic data capture
and storage. It can be difficult to remember what technology we used back in 1994, all of 26 years ago. Technology advancement has happened
at pace in these intervening years. The Internet had just been invented as the World Wide Web, Windows 95 was still a year away, 3.5” floppy
discs used in desktops could store only about 100Mb of data, the concept of a laptop was a few years away and mobile phones were in their
infancy and known as cell phones. There was nothing ‘smart’ about this technology compared with today.
To address this and oversee the guideline re-write, Campden BRI has begun to put a Working Party together from its
Member Interest Groups (MIGs). The Processing, operations and preservation (POP) MIG
already has the Thermal processing working group (TPWG) which has pushed hard for the
guideline to be updated, and it is this group who will take the lead. The challenge has been securing funding to cover the costs for this
project. Fortunately, recent changes to the way Campden BRI manage its Member Funded Research Programme will enable some funds to be allocated
to this initiative. This will get the project going, which is often the most difficult task.
The project to update the guideline is now underway and the intention is to have the document completed by the end
of the year, available to buy by January 2022.
Guideline production timeline
The project to update the guideline is now underway
and the intention is to have the document completed by the end of the year, available to buy by January 2022. However, there needs to be
approval by Government agencies so that the updated guideline has the same impact as the 1994 original. This approval will be sought during
the early stages of the project. Once given, the guideline will join those we’ve already published and,
if interested, will be able to purchase a copy through our website.
Want to get involved?
There is a lot to do on this project if it is to be completed within one year. We are interested to know if you would
like to be a member of the TPWG and have an input into the guideline re-write. Early meetings
of the TPWG will be through Microsoft Teams but there is a good chance the last meeting will be face-to-face. Most correspondence will be
via email as we develop the updated document. This is in contrast to the 1994 DoH guideline which had to organised via letter as email was
not yet made available!
If interested, please get in touch with me.
Gary Tucker is a Fellow at Campden BRI and has worked for the company since 1989. He studied Chemical Engineering at Loughborough University and is a
chartered chemical engineer.
Get involved with the project
We’d love to hear what you would like included in the heat preserved foods guideline. Get in touch
to let us know.
How can we help you?
If you’d like to find out more about thermal processing, contact our support team to find
out how we can help.