Despite the recent surge in the number of new small food business, starting up a commercial food operation is not easy.
Even if you are looking to start up a micro food business, it usually requires significant investment in terms of skills, facilities and
specialist technical support. We hope the information provided in this document will give you a head start and help you to understand some of the
essentials such as food hygiene, safety and legislation. We've also provided some links to valuable sources of free information which will give
you an overview of the things you need to know in order to produce food commercially.
Once you have done all your groundwork, you may want to consider our
Associate Acorn membership, which is designed specifically for small businesses like yours. As a
Campden BRI Acorn member, you'll benefit from significant discounts on our world-renowned services and be reassured knowing that when you need
help our friendly experts are just a phone call away.
Specifically, information and links are provided which cover:
- general business start-up considerations
- product development and formulation
- labelling and general legislation (including hygiene issues)
The Food Standards Agency website is also a good starting point for information In
addition, Campden BRI's Food manufacturing: an overview (Key Topic No. 3) is available at
£30. This gives a broad picture of all the major technical issues that impinge on commercial food manufacturing, though it is not (and
cannot be) a detailed guide.
Business Link and assistance for small businesses can be found at www.gov.uk. Specific to
food company start-ups, and the requirements for setting up a food business, the Food Standards Agency has a starting up
Making a new food product
Before you can commercially produce food, you need to have appropriate knowledge of and training in food hygiene,
labelling and legislation issues, as well as the technical details of what gives the product its characteristics, how these might react when the
process is scaled up and how long the product will be fit for sale. If you have a 'kitchen scale' food product that you think could be commercially
successful, there are many issues that you need to consider. The Campden BRI
Product Development Guide (Guideline No. 8) will help. Although specifically designed for
those trying to come up with ideas for new products, many of the issues raised will be relevant to those who have a product idea they wish to
Preservation and safety
The most important thing to consider when making a food product is that it must be safe to consume. Campden BRI
Key Topic No. 9 - Food preservation: an introduction will alert you to the type of issues
involved. Intimately linked to preservation are the ingredients that you are using in your product. Your local Environmental Health Officer will
also be able to help. Visit here to find out where your nearest
Department is located. The organisation Safe and Local Supplier Approval is also a good point to contact
for assistance and advice.
Packaging interacts with the food it contains. It has to be compatible with the food and sometimes with the processing
conditions the food will undergo during production. It will always have to be compatible with the storage conditions the food will be subject to.
Food Packaging: an introduction 4 (Key Topic No. 7) will give you an idea of what is required.
Once you have decided what type of packaging is likely to be suitable, it would be worth consulting packaging suppliers to confirm the actual
specification required. The website www.grocerdirectory.co.uk will provide a good starting point.
Your local Environmental Health Department can offer advice on the type of hygiene training you will need. Even if you
are getting an established processor to produce your food product for you, it is essential that you understand basic hygiene concepts - from
factory layout, through machinery and equipment design, to personnel and operational hygiene. Campden BRI
Key Topic No. 4, Introduction to hygiene in food processing will give you an overview.
Labelling and other legislation essentials
The legislation covering food production, marketing and sale is both extensive and complex. The
FSA page gives a good introduction. Of particular relevance to new businesses
is the need for a legally correct food label, and as part of this to assign and state the shelf-life of the product. The label needs to contain
- A legally acceptable, meaningful name
- A list of ingredients (and the quantities, in some cases)
- An indication of the deliberate presence of allergens, if applicable
- A durability marking (i.e. shelf life)
- A weight marking
- Name and address of manufacturer or distributor
- Preparation and storage instructions, if applicable
It is up to the manufacturer to decide on how long the product will remain fit to eat - i.e. its shelf life. This will
depend on its make-up, how it has been processed and packaged, and how it is stored. The shelf-life can range from 24 hours or less (e.g. for a
French baguette) to several years (for canned vegetables in a lacquered can).
Shelf life can be limited by quality issues (i.e. it remains safe, but doesn't taste as good as it should), or safety
issues (e.g. it might taste and look OK, but it contains harmful microorganisms).
We cannot over emphasise the importance of understanding your product: what it can (and may) contain, how it
needs to be processed and preserved, how this influences its shelf-life and safety.
Training and consultancy from Campden BRI It is important that you have a good appreciation and
understanding of the issues discussed above, so that you can get the most out of the services available from technical specialists - whether it
be a standard training course, one-to-one consultancy or a specific service such as a label check or a shelf-life assessment.
Full details of the training courses available can be found here. However, depending on
your level of experience in food production, the courses you might find most beneficial are:
The typical cost for an initial consultation with a specialist food technologist is approx £150-£200 per hour, and you
would typically need 2 - 4 hours. This would enable the specialist to talk you through the main points but would not include a written report.
Food label review
If you have produced a food label, it can be assessed to see if it complies with current legislation. A thorough food
label review would typically start at around £600. However, if the product or label is complex (for example products with many ingredients, or
labels including health and nutrition claims or marketing claims), the review will cost significantly more.
Determining the microbiological shelf life of a product is complex - you need to
know what microorganisms might be associated with the product, how it has been processed, how it will be
packaged and stored, and its intrinsic characteristics (e.g. acidity, water content, level of salt,
sugar, and preservatives etc.). Armed with this knowledge, a typical microbiological shelf life study
might cost around £3000, though this will vary with the product type and test requirements.
Membership of Campden BRI
Once you have done all your groundwork and addressed the issues raised here, you may want to consider
Campden BRI membership. This will enable you to take advantage of our services at a reduced member
rate and allow you to contact our experts for assistance. Our Associate Acorn membership is designed just for start-up businesses and costs
£800 + VAT p.a.
Ensure your products are compliant with the legislative requirements of the country or region to which you are exporting.
View countries covered.
We answer ad hoc questions, we also offer a service to evaluate your food labels compliance.
Whatever your questions about UK or EU legislation, we will be able to help you.
Our food legislation training courses cover topics such as food law, food and drink labelling, nutrition and health claims, USA food and
drink labelling, and weights and measures.
An interactive list of legislation relevant to food and drink businesses selling in the United Kingdom and at harmonised EU level.
A benefit of your membership, this is a fortnightly bulletin providing prompt and succinct news of developments in UK and EU food law.
Ensuring that products meet local and emerging regulatory requirements can be a challenging task. This presentation takes you through UK and
EU regulations updates and requirements.
The Campden BRI group companies listed below are both accredited in accordance with the recognised International Standard
ISO17025:2017 by the United Kingdom Accreditation Service (UKAS). The accreditation demonstrates technical competence for a defined scope of methods,
specific to each site, as detailed in the schedules of accreditation bearing the testing laboratory number.
The schedules may be revised from time to time and reissued by UKAS. The most recent issue of the schedules
are available from the UKAS website www.ukas.com
Campden BRI (Chipping Campden) Limited is a UKAS accredited testing laboratory No. 1079
Campden BRI (Nutfield) is a UKAS accredited testing laboratory No. 1207